• An individual who has not operated a farm, ranch, for more than 10 consecutive years.
• To qualify, an individual must provide substantial day-to-day labor and management of the operation, consistent with the practices in the county or State where the operation is located.
• A legal entity or joint operation can be considered BFR if all members individually qualify.
An individual who has direct or indirect gross farm sales not more than the current indexed value in each of the previous 2 years, and:
• has a total household income at or below the national poverty level for a family of four in each of the previous 2 years; or
• has a total household income less than 50 percent of the county median household income in each of the previous 2 years
• A legal entity or joint operation can be considered BFR if all members individually qualify
To determine if you qualify as LRF, USDA provides an online self-determination tool at online self-determination tool.
Includes the following groups:
• American Indian or Alaska Native
• Black or African American
• Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
• Hispanic and:
A legal entity or legal operation can be considered Socially Disadvantaged if at least 50 percent ownership in the business is held by Socially Disadvantaged individuals.
We acknowledge that the term “socially disadvantaged” is not how individuals who fit the definitions below identify themselves. In this guide, it is included out of necessity as a legal term used in the Farm Bill to outline specific incentives, priorities, and set asides for underserved producers within USDA programs.